How to hand smocking techniques29.11.2020
Hand Smocking Techniques
Oct 29, · Generally, when using hand smocking techniques, you’ll use four to six strands of embroidery thread and whichever embroidery needle works best with your thread. The thread should always follow the needle to avoid twisting the lovestoryen.comted Reading Time: 2 mins. To practice this form of smocking, mark about six rows of dots on a small piece of material. Make the dots a quarter inch apart, and the rows the same distance from one another, placing dot under dot, so the lines run square and true in both directions. The work progresses from the upper left dot across two rows to the lovestoryen.comted Reading Time: 3 mins.
Smocking is an embroidery technique used to gather fabric. Although many embroidery techniques began purely for decorative purposes, hand smocking techniques were also practical- the gathered fabric is able to stretch, and smocking is commonly done on cuffs and necklines. There are two types of smocking: English and regular. English is marked on the wrong side of the fabric while regular smocking is marked on the right side.
English smocking is a bit easier for beginners because you pre-gather your fabric, rather than gathering the fabric as you embroider. Gathering the fabric can be done what is an enclosure in a business letter hand, with the use of transfer stickers, or by using a pleating machine.
You might find a fabric store in your area that has a pleating machine and is able to do the pleating for you. Transfer stickers are a very affordable option and are easily found online and in larger craft stores. Since smocking is based on a grid format, you can also create how to make slush drinks own dots directly on the fabric with a pencil or water soluble pen.
Most natural fibers will work well, just stay away from silk. The thread should always follow the needle to avoid twisting the thread. Just like embroidery, there are different types of smocking stitches. They all have a learning curve to master, but you can stick with one stitch per project or combine several for a unique design. Smocking is an interesting detail to add around the neck of a blouse or the waist of a dress.
LOG IN. Search for:. Types of Smocking There are two types of smocking: English and regular. Pleating the Fabric Gathering the fabric can be done by hand, with the use of transfer stickers, or by using a pleating machine.
Smocking Stitches Just like embroidery, there are different types of smocking stitches. Sign up for our newsletter. Stay connected to Craftsy experts. Access to every class. Monthly or annual member. Premium Membership Sign up for the Premium Membership and get access to our best Craftsy videos and projects.
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Sep 21, · Smocking is an embroidery technique used to gather lovestoryen.com you see some basic Smocking Patterns we have lovestoryen.com SHARE SUBSCRIBEAmazon: Shop: https://. Nov 28, · Smocking is a fabric manipulation technique that is generally created by using hand stitching to create areas of tension and release in the fabric. This results in very sculptural effects that can sometimes appear far more complex then they actually lovestoryen.comted Reading Time: 2 mins. Smocking is a design technique to control the fullness in a piece of fabric, with beautiful embroidery stitches. To do smocking, regular gathers (or pleats) are taken on the fabric with long stitches on the back and very small stitches in the front. Most of the time other embroidery details like flower designs are done along with lovestoryen.comted Reading Time: 8 mins.
Realistically it is a little bit difficult to do than other embroidery work but the effort is worth it. Hope you also find some value from it and start smocking all the fabric in sight. Table of Contents Table of Contents What is smocking? Which fabric is best for smocking? How much extra cloth is needed to do smocking? Which thread is best for smocking? How to prepare fabric for smocking? How to gather fabric for smocking?
Basic rules of smocking Steps to smocking. Smocking is a design technique to control the fullness in a piece of fabric, with beautiful embroidery stitches. To do smocking, regular gathers or pleats are taken on the fabric with long stitches on the back and very small stitches in the front. Most of the time other embroidery details like flower designs are done along with smocking. Linen, crepe, silk, lawn cotton, ginghams, velvet, chiffon, lace , knits.
You name the fabric and it has been smocked by women in earlier times. A light to medium weight evenly woven fabric with a smooth surface is ideal for smocking. You can choose plain or printed cotton, poplin, cotton lawn, silk, satin, cotton blends, organdie, lightweight denim and lightweight wool blends.
A beginner can choose a checked cotton fabric as there is already a guideline for you to gather the fabric evenly. I am assuming that you do not have a pleater. A knit fabric or a velvet fabric as a first project would be difficult to tackle. A plain fabric can also be taken, if the guidelines for the pleats are correctly made. You need atleast 3 times the cloth for the width of the final piece.
But then it also depends on the tightness of the smocking stitches. If you make very slack stitches the cloth needed will be less. Add the seam allowance as well. Smocking stitches are done with regular embroidery thread.
On silk clothes use silk thread and on cotton fabric use cotton thread. I love to use Pearl cotton thread for smocking as it has a nice sheen to it and the 2 ply thread is thick enough to stand out. Colour of the thread — A simple colour scheme works well for smocking, which should look elegant rather than tacky. Pastel colours works best on light coloured fabric.
Keep the thread two strands of the thread near your fabric to see if it suits. One or two colours, two or three shades of the same colour are all preferred for smocking. I use three strands of thread for the smocking stitches; for a thicker effect you can choose four strands. I love the luster of cotton Perle thread for smocking. It is true that unwashed fabric looks best when smocked but shrinking of fabric is a possibility. So prewashing the fabric is necessary.
Take the cloth along the lengthwise grain of the fabric. Professionals add a light fusible interfacing to hold the pleats, especially for thin fabric. There are three ways you can gather the fabric. Machine gathering is easy. Checkout this post on gathering fabric.
Make basting stitches and gather. But the problem is that machine gathering doesnot give even pleats. It is very very important that you get even gathering ; which means the pleat on the first row and the second row should be the same for all gathering. The pleats should all line up vertically This is the most important thing that qualifies the beauty of smocking. If you have a pleater all the problem goes away. The pleater does the job beautifully. Hand pleating is the next best option, though it tests your patience.
A smocking transfer available in the market can make this process easier. The smocking transfer consists of a series of evenly spaced dots on a paper which can be transferred to the fabric with heat. You get different types of smocking transfers with differences in the spacing of the dots. For very fine cloth small spacings are more suitable and this will give shallow pleats. How to use the smocking transfer?
Hand marking — Marking the dots yourself is the next option; a slightly cumbersome task but for a passionate sewist who wants to smock very badly this is the best option, unless you are doing the smocking on a checked fabric.
Measure and mark the dots with a ruler and pencil on the wrong side of the work. You have to ensure that each stitch is set directly under the same stitch in the row above and the rows of stitching are all same distance apart. Make running stitches through the dots and at the end of each row leave thread tails hanging down. Gather the fabric. Tie two thread tails each at the end, making sure the pleats are tight.
Cut off the thread tails. Step 1. After the fabric is gathered count your pleats. You need an even number of pleats. Now mark the center two pleats. The center of your smocking is actually the valley between these two pleats. You can make a mark at this place with a small stitch or using the chalk. This is a very important step in smocking. Step 2. Skip the first gathering row for smocking stitches. You can use this row as a guide for the further stitching.
Also Leave 3 pleats to either side — to account for seam allowance. If you have already left seam allowance do not bother. Step 3. Come up from the side of the third pleat or the first pleat if you have already left seam allowance.
Bring the needle up through the left-hand valley of the next pleat. Insert the needle back through the first pleat — the one you will be starting the stitch with from left to right keeping the needle parallel to the gathering thread. I assume you will be working from left to right. Left handed people will be working from right to left.
I always start with a row of stem stitches first to hold the gathered fabric in place. You can make one or two rows of stem stitches like this to hold the gathers firmly in place. Step 4. Do the smocking stitches. The common smocking stitches are described and illustrated below. Smocking stitches. The most frequently used smocking stitches are.
This resembles a rope. It is made the same way as the embroidery stem stitch. Usually this stitch is used at the beginning of the smocking — as it holds the gathers tightly. Each stem stitch picks one pleat of the fabric and joins it to the next one. Bring up the needle through the first pleat, to the left of the pleat. Pick up the next pleat , at an angle and come up at the middle of the two pleats.
Continue doing the same thing. Remember that the thread will be over two pleats. One important thing to remember as you make the Outline stitch is to always hold the thread in the up position after each stitch above the placement of the needle. In the stem stitch the thread is in the down position. Wheat stitch. This stitch is a combination of the outline stitch and the stem stitch. First the outline stitch with the thread in the up position is made and then immediately under it the stem stitch is made — the second row of stitches is made basically in the same spot but just underneath.
This creates a wheat shape pattern, with a slight angling of the needle. Cable stitch.